The last time I talked about poly-ticks, I talked about “Socialism.” Which is by no means “social.” Alexis de Tocqueville pegged “socialism” quite well when he observed:
“Democracy extends the sphere of individual freedom, socialism restricts it. Democracy attaches all possible value to each man; socialism makes each man a mere agent, a mere number.”
“Democracy and socialism have nothing in common but one word: equality. But notice the difference: while democracy seeks equality in liberty, socialism seeks equality in restraint and servitude.”
For more of de Tocqueville on Socialism, this extensive
DISCOURSE should answer most questions.
While the “experts” have managed to find enough trivial differences to distinguish 840 varieties of “socialism,” we can separate them into two astonishingly narrow categories.
There is the group that holds the State should own all property and control all production and distribution of goods and services. There is the other, which holds that the greatest production is achieved when the means of production and distribution is privately owned and managed, at the direction of the State.
The one is called Communism, where in theory every man is a landless, propertyless, slave of the all powerful state. Since there is little motivation to labor, the State must employ the same means to control the State’s slaves that Simon LeGris used on his Barbadan plantation. The knout, the concentration camp, and fear of the grave.
The other is called “Fascism.” The State is still all powerful, but since individuals can own property, and even exercise some control over it, production is much higher.
Some dispute the fact that Fascism is a branch of socialism. One need only reflect that Benito Mussolini was a Marxian Socialist and the editor of a Socialist newspaper to discover the roots of Fascism.
Taken with caution, Wikipedia provides a very basic outline of both Mussolini and his German counterpart, the head of the National Socialist Workers Party, Adolph Hitler. But remember to come up for breath from time to time. The deniers agitprop gets pretty deep at times.
So we have the main stream of Socialism, which splits into two main side streams. Besides Communism and Fascism, there is the sort of “Soft Socialism” that we see operating in conjunction with a heavily taxed private enterprises system in Europe today.
The Weimar Republic taught Europeans, much to their dismay, that money cannot be printed, it must stand for some tangible article. That article may be gold, but it is more commonly labor. The sweat of the brow.
And while Socialists would love to collect taxes before money is earned, it does not work that way. Money must be earned before it can be taxed!
Further, people who can subsist on meager fare in order to avoid work will do so – and create no wealth and pay no taxes! That adds to the burden on the State, while it sharply reduces the profits from the production and distribution of goods and services.
And since you need money to pay the workers to produce in order to make money, the various EU countries make an effort to keep heath care and welfare outlays to a minimum. Those efforts do include health care rationing, and increasingly severe restrictions on welfare payments.
Now, I could go on, but I am about to say what I started to when I began. And I am reasonably sure that it’s time to start another chapter. Later!